Active shooter events continue to take place at schools, churches, workplaces, and community gathering space all across rural and urban America. Preparedness for these events involves many facets of law enforcement, firefighters and emergency medical technicians, paramedics, and emergency physicians to enable a coordinated, timely, safe, and effective response. It ultimately involves securing a threat and caring for victims. In addition, many school systems continually seek better security protocols and infrastructure changes such as reinforced doors and locks, glazing systems for windows, evaluation and shelter-in-place plans to protect their students and staff. However, there is concern that these changes are overriding building fire and safety codes.
In 2018, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) issued it’s second provisional standard NFPA 3000: Standard for an Active Shooter/Hostile Event Response (ASHER) Program. The overwhelming public safety need allowed NFPA to abbreviate their standards developing process and issue this provisional standard to the community while the technical committee has worked continuously to improve the document. While NFPA 3000 addresses some elements of infrastructure and security another standards developing organization (SDO) - ASTM, International is developing a standard for the Mitigation of Armed Aggressors in Educational Institutions which can be used to help guide security decisions as it relates to the building. This effort is in it’s early stages and will be a joint effort between the ASTM E54 Committee on Homeland Security Applications and ASTM F12 Security Systems and Equipment. There are also standards efforts in early stages to ensure that responders to such events have the proper technology and personal protective equipment.
- Incident Command/Communication and Response
- Personal Protective and Operational Equipment
- Security Systems and Infrastructure Updates
- Ongoing needs…
These elements are necessary to create a comprehensive preparedness and response program to these events in our country. As with any standards development effort we seek to bring together a vested community of public safety officials, school district leaders, emergency medicine, civil engineers at all levels of federal, state and local governments along with manufacturers and stakeholder organizations.
By the end of the webinar, attendees will be able to discuss the growing standards infrastructure that is enabling a comprehensive approach to prepare and respond to active shooter/hostile events in our communities.
Jennifer Marshall is a Physical Scientist/Program Manager for Public Safety Standards Coordination at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). She leads and coordinates standards development efforts across the federal interagency at various standards developing organizations that impact the EMS, fire and law enforcement communities. She is currently working with several standards developing organizations to develop standards and guidance for multi-jurisdictional response to active shooter events, school safety protocols, and infrastructure/security. Ms. Marshall led the NIST Ambulance Patient Compartment Design Standards effort that addressed human interface/ergonomic safety needs for ambulances in the EMS community and has managed homeland security standards developing efforts spanning chemical, biological, chemical, radiological, and nuclear (CBRNE) detection equipment; personal protective and operational equipment (PPOE); urban search and rescue robots; and various security technologies.
Prior to arriving at NIST, Ms. Marshall worked for the DHS Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate from its early inception in 2003 where she developed multi-year research, development, test and evaluation (RDTE) plans for the CBRNE countermeasures, infrastructure protection, standards development programs that supported the Federal, state and local public safety community. Ms. Marshall has over 15 years’ experience in technology and standards development in the public safety and homeland security community.